Best Medium Roast Coffee

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A Perfect Balance of Acidity and Flavor

Have you ever asked yourself: What's the difference between medium roast, light roast, and dark roast coffee? Just like whole bean coffee and instant coffee are very different, coffee lovers should know the roast level isn't just a label on the packaging; coffee roasts have a meaning. Medium roast is a type of coffee that tends to be that perfect middle ground. It has a nice balance of acidity and flavor which makes it a great choice for coffee lovers. So grab your cup of coffee and learn where the taste comes from.

The Perfect Coffee Beans

Coffee blends are made up of coffee beans from all around the world. When it comes to coffee roasting, the secret to achieving the best medium roast coffee is using Arabica coffee beans from the following locations around the world. Arabica origin:

  • Colombia
  • The Island of Sumatra
  • Kenya
  • Various countries located in Central America

The Roasting Process

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Coffee beans aren’t naturally a brown color. They go through a series of physical and chemical changes during the roasting process and it takes a great amount of work to get the perfect roast level.

Regardless of the coffee roast levels, all beans start as green coffee beans with none of the classic coffee aroma you’re accustomed to when opening up a fresh bag of whole beans or ground coffee. Green coffee smells earthy and grassy and feels soft to the touch.

So, how do you get these green coffee beans to become the best medium roast?

  • The roasting process begins by bringing the green coffee beans to very high temperatures until they are between 410°F and 428°F internally. Light roast coffee beans which are roasted to 350 to 400 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Oils start to appear on the roasted beans the longer they have roasted, and the higher the temperature. Medium roasted beans, similar to light roast coffee, do not have an oily surface. In contrast, dark roast coffee will have an oily surface.
  • While roasting coffee the beans crack once they hit a certain temperature causing them to grow larger. Medium roasts are roasted until just after the first crack happens, then quickly cooled to stop the process.

Flavor Profile and Qualities of Medium Roast Coffee

Every coffee roast has a unique flavor profile and roast tasting notes. For medium roasts, they tend to have sweeter, chocolatey tones while light roast coffee is a much sweeter, tangy taste with a strong scent. Some of the most popular flavors that can be found in your favorite cup of coffee are:

  • Nutty
  • Cocoa
  • Caramel

One of the biggest fallacies is that dark roast coffee contains more caffeine than lighter roasts. In fact, it’s the opposite, light roast coffee contains more caffeine while medium roasts sit in the middle. Aside from caffeine levels, medium roast blends are known for being the perfect middle ground in acidity and body for new coffee drinkers and long time coffee drinks alike.

  • Medium acidity
  • Medium to full body
  • Less grainy mouthfeel than lighter roasts

Brewing Methods

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As an avid coffee drinker, you might be brewing your coffee the same way with the same method every day - and that’s okay! However, to get the most quality coffee flavor out of your cup of joe you might want to follow these methods and tips:

  • Pour Over Brewing Method: Use finer coffee grounds like table salt for smaller pour-over cones/brewers and sea salt sized grounds for larger brewers like Chemex. Pour-over brewing methods make it easier to experiment to really get the subtle flavors out of each brew.
  • French Press Brewing Method: Coffee from a French Press is made by letting grounds soak in hot water for 4-5 minutes. When done correctly, this causes a stronger, bolder cup of coffee. Break out your coffee grinder and try it out!
  • Automatic Drip Brewing Method: This is your standard, easy-to-use coffee maker. You’ll want to use medium-fine grounds when brewing your morning coffee in one of these. Also, watch the amount of water you’re using so you aren’t weakening your it and missing out on the delicious coffee flavor.

Ready to find the best medium roast coffee?

Get your balanced, perfect cup of coffee from Caruso’s Coffee. You can find your new go-to cup of joe with our robust range of coffee blends. By using beans from all over the world and roasting them until we get the right amount of flavor from each crack, Caruso’s Coffee makes the best medium roast coffee.