Higher Caffeine Content with Fruity Notes
If you’ve ever wondered, “what is the difference between dark roast, medium roast and light roast coffee beans” – you’re not alone. It’s all about the heat: the longer a raw, green coffee bean goes through the roasting process, the darker it becomes. The heat from the roasting process also strips away some of the bean’s caffeine content. The longer the roast, the less caffeinated cup of coffee. Light roast beans may produce a lighter-looking cup of coffee, but their caffeine content trumps their dark roast counterparts. The shorter roasting process also creates beans that produce a cup of coffee with fruity and floral notes.
The Perfect Coffee Beans
Our Arabica beans are born in regions where quality coffee beans thrive, including Central America and South America. When it comes to coffee roasting, the secret to achieving the best light roast coffee is using Arabica coffee beans from the following locations around the world:
- The Island of Sumatra
- Various countries located in Central America
The Roasting Process
The coffee beans we use for our light roast blends are picked at their peak. These green beans have an earthy smell and are soft to the touch. Roasting is what truly brings out their best flavor and that appealing coffee aroma. The roasting process creates physical and chemical changes in the bean, and it takes a great amount of work to get the perfect roast level. Once roasted, the beans must cool.
So, how do you get these green coffee beans to become the best light roast?
- The roasting process begins by bringing the green coffee beans to very high temperatures until they are between 350 to 400 degrees Fahrenheit. This is the ideal temperature for a light roast bean; in contrast dark roast bean reach the mid-400s.
- Oils start to appear on the roasted beans the longer they have roasted, and the higher the temperature. Light roasted beans, similar to medium roast coffee, do not have an oily surface. In contrast, dark roast coffee will have an oily surface.
- During the roasting process, the beans crack once they hit a certain temperature causing them to grow larger. Light roasts are roasted until the first crack happens, then quickly cooled to stop the process.
Flavor Profile and Qualities of Light Roast Coffee
Light roast coffee’s low roasting temperature and higher acidity level also produce a cup of coffee that many consider the finest there is, since it eliminates the “burnt” flavor sometimes found in darker roasts. Some baristas insist that light roast coffee tastes better without added dairy: the higher acidity level can compete against the smooth creaminess, making the mild taste almost sour. Some of the most popular flavors found in light roast blends include:
- Fruity undertones
- Acidic flavor
Some consider light roast coffee to offer the purest coffee drink, since the lowest amount of heat is used. However, the lighter roast also delivers a less-mild flavor and acidity that can be off-putting to new coffee drinkers’ taste buds.
- Bright acidity
- Higher caffeine content
- Lighter brewed color
As an avid coffee drinker, you might be brewing your coffee the same way with the same method every day - and that’s okay! However, to get the most quality coffee flavor out of your cup of joe you might want to follow these methods and tips:
- Pour Over Brewing Method: Use finer coffee grounds like table salt for smaller pour-over cones/brewers and sea salt sized grounds for larger brewers like Chemex. Pour-over brewing methods make it easier to experiment to really get the subtle flavors out of each brew.
- French Press Brewing Method: Coffee from a French Press is made by letting grounds soak in hot water for 4-5 minutes. When done correctly, this causes a stronger, bolder cup of coffee. Break out your coffee grinder and try it out!
- Automatic Drip Brewing Method: This is your standard, easy-to-use coffee maker. You’ll want to use medium-fine grounds when brewing your morning coffee in one of these. Also, watch the amount of water you’re using so you aren’t weakening your it and missing out on the delicious coffee flavor.
Ready to find the best light roast coffee?
Get your balanced, perfect cup of coffee from Caruso’s Coffee. You can find your new go-to cup of joe with our robust range of light roast coffee blends. By using beans from all over the world and roasting them until we get the right amount of flavor from each crack, Caruso’s Coffee makes the best light roast coffee.